Tile history

Mosaic Workshop / Tile history
Mosaic - one of the oldest forms of art. By Style execution of mosaic can be represented by three pillars: the Roman mosaics, Byzantine mosaics and the Florentine mosaic, formed at different periods of art. At the same time, technology and materials used - a ceramic mosaic, stone mosaic naturalngo (marble, granite, malachite, opal, agate, jasper, etc.), mosaic smalti, glass mosaic.

Roman mosaic
Roman mosaic - recruited from the finest, specially run-blocks, which allows to reach high precision images. The oldest examples of Roman mosaic paving, were found during archaeological excavations belong to the IV. BC In Roman mosaics using different materials, but preference is given to marble and other natural stones. In Roman mosaics technique can be performed as geometric compositions, and narrative images of birds, mammals, fish, flowers and copies of paintings.



Byzantine mosaics
The earliest date from the early Byzantine mosaics in the V. AD Particularly widely used in the design smaltovaya mosaics of early Christian churches. Smalt - opaque and very durable glass of various colors and shades, one of the "eternal" materials in the history of world culture. Its unique features - the color saturation and permanence of color, shimmering shine and create a unique visual effect. A distinctive feature of Byzantine mosaic is clearly defined lines of the circuit, the use of bright, pure colors, and gold smalti. Byzantine mosaic has not been sanded, which increased the depth and tone color. Bright, the finest examples of Byzantine mosaics is still considered a mosaic in Hagia Sophia in Constantinople.



Florentine mosaic
Florentine mosaic is considered to be the queen of mosaic art. Her artistic effect is based on careful selection of colors of stones with the use of their natural pattern. In this case a thin stone plates attached to the contours of the depicted object or the relevant parts. Plates themselves perfectly urged on to each other, creating a unique design. The appearance of the Florentine mosaic dates from the XVI century. in Florence. It was there began to appear first workshops that manufacture stone paintings, which was used mainly marble.